The word “periodontal” is roughly interpreted as “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease usually affects the bone and gums supporting the teeth. If plague (a sticky film of saliva, debris and bacterial) is not removed, it forms into calculus (tartar). If the calculus and plague are not removed, they start destroying the bone and gums. Common symptoms of periodontal disease include swollen, red, and bleeding gums.
80% of people have periodontal disease without even knowing it. This is because the early stage of the disease is usually painless.
Apart from being the major cause of tooth loss, research shows that periodontal disease may be connected to other diseases such as bacterial pneumonia, cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes, and increased risk for pregnant women. Researchers are working to establish if bacterial and inflammation associated with periodontal disease has any effect on these diseases. Smoking also raises the risk of periodontal disease.
Impressive oral habits, eating a balanced diet, and visiting the dentist regularly can help lower the risk of having periodontal disease). Healthy eating, maintaining great oral hygiene, and regular trips to the dentist can significantly lower the risk of periodontal disease.
Symptoms of periodontal disease:
- Bleeding gums – Gums should not bleed, even with rigorous flossing or brushing
- Loose teeth – Also caused by fibers that support the tooth to the bone
- Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
- New spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
- Pus around the gums and teeth – Sign of an infection
- Receding gums – Loss of gum around a tooth.
- Puffy and red gums – Gums should not be swollen or red
- Discomfort and Tenderness – Teeth irritation caused by bacterial, calculus, and plague